PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN AJAR BAHASA INGGRIS BERBASIS KETERAMPILAN ABAD 21 PADA PERGURUAN TINGGI VOKASI: SEBUAH KAJIAN LITERATUR
In the era of the fourth industrial revolution, marked by global access and disruptive technology, the need to develop learners to acquire 21 st century skills is of paramount importance for allowing them to survive and function successfully in this rapidly evolving, global, and complex world. Accordingly, teachers and other education practitioners are suggested to reform and reconsider their instructional practices including among others learning materials used in the classroom to align with the current situation. The aim of this paper is to delineate course materials development in the context of English for Specific Purposes (ESP) in vocational higher education in an attempt to provide learners with upto-date materials which are relevant to their needs and characteristics. This proposed course materials development takes into account the 21 st century skills of learning and innovation framework, known as 4Cs, comprising of communication, collaboration, creativity, and critical thinking. These 4Cs are the manifestation of the four pillars of learning released by UNESCO organization in 1996 namely: learning to know, learning to do, learning to be, and learning to live together. For the purpose of developing ESP learning materials in this paper, Jolly and Bolitho’s (1998) model is used for it provides comprehensive account of the process of materials writing. The results of this literature review hopefully could contribute to the development of ESP textbook and materials writing theory and serve as the guideline for teachers and other materials developers to produce and create appropriate and meaningful materials for ESP learners.
Keywords: ESP, learning materials, 21st century skills, vocational higher education